Debt Management Services (DMS)
The Bureau of the Fiscal Service (Fiscal Service) is the government's central debt collection agency, managing the government's non-tax delinquent debt portfolio. As a part of the Fiscal Service, DMS' goal is to provide a broad range of services, to be more responsive to the needs of client agencies, and to bring about more equity and uniformity in how the U.S. Government treats its delinquent debtors.
We provide these services through a network linking our own debt collection expertise and capabilities with those of the Federal Program Agencies' Debt Collection Centers, private collection agencies, and the U.S. Department of Justice.
Do Not Pay
The Do Not Pay Business Center supports federal agencies in their efforts to reduce the number of improper payments made through programs funded by the federal government, and to identify and mitigate fraud, waste and abuse. Do Not Pay is a one-stop shop that allows agencies to check various databases before making payments or awards in order to identify ineligible recipients and to prevent fraud or errors.
Centralized Receivables Service (CRS) Pilot
CRS is a pilot service we provide to federal agencies to assist them in the management of accounts receivable. Treasury's goal is to provide a centralized receivables service that increases collections on current receivables, contributing to the reduction of delinquent debt. The pilot is one of the Treasury Office of Financial Innovation and Transformation's (FIT's) high-impact initiatives identified as a potential area for cost savings and transparency improvements in federal financial management.
Treasury Offset Program (TOP)
One of the key tools used by Fiscal Service to collect delinquent debt owed to the federal government agencies and states, TOP is a centralized offset program for collecting delinquent debts owed to federal agencies and states. Under TOP, the Fiscal Service matches a database of delinquent debtors against payments Treasury dirburses, then offsets (withholds) federal payments to recipients who owe delinquent debts.
Cross-Servicing is another major collection program used by the Fiscal Service. Federal agencies are required by law to refer debt delinquent more than 180 days old to the Fiscal Service, where we attempt to collect the debts using a variety of tools. These tools include Treasury demand letters, telephone follow-up, skip tracing, referral of debts for administrative offset and referral of debts to private collection agencies on the governmentwide contract. The Fiscal Service also provides administrative wage garnishment as a collection tool under Cross-Servicing.
Continuous Federal Tax Levy Program
The Continuous Federal Tax Levy Program levy supports IRS' efforts to collect delinquent federal tax debts by matching them against federal payments. The tax levy program is authorized under the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 and allows the IRS to assess a 15 percent levy on certain federal payments until the debt is satisfied.
Child Support and Other State Debt
The Debt Collection Improvement Act (DCIA) of 1996 authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to collect past due child-support obligations by the administrative offset of federal payments. Executive Order 13019 - Supporting Families: Collecting Delinquent Child Support Obligations (September 1996), required Treasury to develop and implement procedures necessary for the collection of past-due child support debts. The Office of Child-Support Enforcement (OCSE) within Health and Human Services' Administration for Children and Families assists state governments in operating and managing their programs effectively and in conforming with federal requirements. State Unemployment Insurance Compensation debts are now eligible for referral to TOP.